The Nagorno Karabagh Republic is a sovereign, democratic, secular, legal and social state, where power belongs to the people. The state power system in the Republic is based on the principles of separation and balance of legislative, executive and judicial powers, as well as on the distribution of the powers between republican and local authorities.
The head of state is the President who is elected for a five-year term. One and the same person cannot hold the post of the President of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic for more than two terms running.
The President of the Republic oversees the adherence to the Constitution, ensures normal functioning of the legislative, executive and judicial bodies.
He is the guarantor of sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and security of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic.
The President represents the Republic in international relations, defines the general course of the NKR's foreign policy.
He is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed force, coordinates the activities of the state organs in the defence sphere, appoints and releases supreme command staff of the Army and other forces.
The President forms and presides at the National Security Council.
The Head of State grants citizenship of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic and political asylum in the Republic.
The President awards orders and medals of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic and grants highest military and diplomatic ranks, honorary and other rank and titles.
The President grants amnesty.
Chapter 3 of the NKR constitution
The highest legislative organ in the Nagorno Karabagh Republic is the National Assembly elected for a five-year term.
The National Assembly consists of 33 members. 16 of the deputes are elected by majority voted system, 17 by party lists. The National Assembly consists of the Chairman, his deputy, members of the parliament or deputes and standing committees. Deputes make up factions and groups.
The current NKR parliament has 7 standing committees:
- on foreign affairs
- on industry and industrial infrastructures
- on finance, budget and economic management
- on legal and state affairs
- on social issues
- on the issues of defence, security and legality
- on the issues of science, education, culture, youth and sports
- "Democracy" - consists of the members of the Democratic Party of Artsakh ,
- "Homeland" - consists of the members of the Free Homeland Party
- "Dashnaktsutyun" – consists of the members of Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun).
"Artsakhatun" (The House of Artsakh) group comprising of independent deputies.
The regular sessions of the National Assembly are convened twice a year: in September-December and February-June. Sessions are carried out through meetings, which are convened at least once a month. As a rule regular meetings of the National Assembly take place on Wednesdays and are open to public.
Extraordinary session or meeting of the National Assembly are convened by the chairman or speaker of the National Assembly at the initiative of the President of the Republic, members of the parliament or the cabinet of ministers provided that at least one-third of the total number of National Assembly or the Cabinet opt for such a session or meeting. The agenda and timetable of extraordinary sessions and meetings are set by the initiator.
The National Assembly adopts laws, decrees, resolutions, statements and appeals.
The NKR parliament at the recommendation of the President:
- announces amnesty;
- ratifies, revokes or suspends the international agreements of the NKR;
- adopts resolutions declaring war or proclaiming peace.
Chapter 4 of the NKR constitution
The highest executive body in the Nagorno Karabagh Republic is the Cabinet of Ministers or the Government. The Cabinet is composed of the Prime Minister, deputy prime minister, and ministers.
The Prime Minister convokes and chairs the meetings of the Cabinet. The meetings can be convoked and chaired by the President of the Republic. The Government adopts resolutions that are signed and made public by the Prime Minister.
The Cabinet appoints and releases heads of regional with the exception of mayor of capital Stepanakert, which is an elective office.
The current Cabinet of Ministers has the following structure:
- Ministry of healthcare;
- Ministry of justice;
- Ministry of industrial infrastructures;
- Ministry of foreign affairs;
- Ministry of labor and social affairs;
- Ministry of agriculture;
- Ministry of education and science;
- Ministry of culture and youth affairs
- Ministry of defense;
- Ministry of municipal engineering;
- Ministry of finance and economy
The following state organs function under the Cabinet of Ministers
- National Security Service
- State Committee of Real Estate and Cadastre
- Department of Tourism and Historical Environment
- State Tax Service
- Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- Police of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic
- State Committee of Sports
- Rescue Service
- Department of Civil Aviation
Chapter 5 of the NKR constitution
In accordance with the NKR Constitution and laws Judicial Power in the Nagorno Karabagh Republic is exercised by courts. The establishment of extraordinary courts is prohibited in the Republic.
Courts in NKR are independent. The judges are appointed for life and hold office until the age of 65. Powers of a judge are suspended only by the Constitution and in accordance with the cases and procedures stipulated by law.
The judicial system of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic has the following structure:
- Supreme Court
- The Court of Appeal
- The First Instance Court of general jurisdiction
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic. It ensures constitutional justice and within the scopes of its responsibility reviews decisions of the lower level courts. The Supreme Court ensures supremacy of the Constitution and equal application of law.
Chapter 6 of the NKR constitution
Administrative Territorial System of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic
Administrative system of the NKR is composed of seven regions and capital Stepanakert. There are 10 towns and 322 villages in the republic.
Stepanakert city is the capital of the country. Its population is 52310 people.
The permanent population of the NKR as of January 1, 2013 constituted 146,6 % people. The urban population makes up 74 183( 52,5% of the total), rural – 67 217 (47.5% of the total). Male population constitutes 70,7 people, female – 75,9 people.
|Regions of the Republic
Distance from the capital
to the regional center /km/