Bako Sahakyan was born on 30 August 1960 in Stepanakert where he completed secondary school N 1 in 1977. During 1978-80 he served in the Soviet Army.In
1981 Bako Sahakyan started to work at the Stepankert automated production shop N9 as a machinist. Then he worked at Stepanakert workshop of construction materials as a quarry worker.
From 1983-1987, he worked as a restorer at the Stepanakert branch of the Scientific Department of Ancient Monuments' Restoration.
From 1987-1990, he worked at the regional Procurement Administration as a procurer.
In 1988 Bako Sahakyan became one of the activists of the Artsakh national liberation movement .
In 1990 he joined Nagorno Karabagh self-defense forces.
In 1992-1993, he was deputy commander of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic Committee of Defense Forces.
In 1993-1995, he was Nagorno Karabagh Republic Defense Army's Rear Staff Commander.
In 1995-1996, he was the deputy to the Nagorno Karabagh Republic Defense Army's Commander on foreign relations.
In 1996-1997 he was deputy commander of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic Defense Army's 10th highland infantry division.
From 1997 to 1999 he was assistant to the minister of interior of the Republic of Armenia.
From 1999 to 2001 Bako Sahakyan was interior minister of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic
In 2001-2007 he was the head the Nagorno Karabagh Republic National Security Service. He has military rank of major-general.
Since September 7, 2007 he has been President of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic.
Bako Sahakyan has been awarded with many orders and medals, namely, "Battle Cross" of 1st degree (NKR), "Peter the Great" of 1st degree (Russian Federation) orders, "For Service to Fatherland" of 1st degree and "Vazgen Sargsyan" medals (Republic of Armenia).
He is a full member of the Russian Federation Academy of Security, Defense and Legality.
Bako Sahakyan has graduated from the law department of Artsakh State University.
He is married and has two children.